Spondyloarthropathy

January 23, 2019 | By | Reply READ MORE...

art_spondyloarthropathy-spondyloarthrosis-01

Spondyloarthropathy or spondyloarthrosis refers to any joint disease of the spine. It is a class or category of diseases rather than a single, specific one. Spondyloarthropathy with inflammation is called spondyloarthritis.

Seronegative spondyloarthropathy (or seronegative spondyloarthritis) is a group of diseases which have a negative serostatus (absence of specific marker within the serum).”Seronegative” refers to the fact that these diseases are negative for ‘rheumatoid factor’. The following conditions are typically included within the group of seronegative spondylarthropathies:

SYMPTOMS:

Usually the onset of symptoms is between the age of 15-40 years.

The symptoms are:

  • Insidious,often one-sided onset of pain,swelling and stiffness.
    Particularly in the sacro-iliac joints(especially in case of ankylosing spondylitis).
  • Pain and stiffness which is worse in the morning and improves with movement.
  • Night pains.
  • Sometimes nonspecific symptoms like fever,fatigue,weight loss etc.

INVESTIGATIONS:

  • X-rays and MRIs of the spine
  • Blood reports including inflammatory markers like ESR,CRP,Anti-CCP,HLA B27 etc.
  • Vitamin D3 and B12 levels

TREATMENT:

  • If you are diagnosed with spondyloarthropathy then you must first meet a Rheumatologist for Anti-inflammatory medication.Antibiotics are given in case of reactive arthritis post bacterial infection.
  • Vitamin supplements are given in case of deficiencies.
  • Along with medication,Physiotherapy plays a very important role in reducing the pain and improving the mobility to be able to do your activities of daily living.Treatment plans would again be individualised but mostly will include,
  • Physiotherapy which will include non-impact to low impact exercises with focus on improving the strength,endurance and flexibility of muscles and preventing deformities in the joints.
    art_spondyloarthropathy-spondyloarthrosis-02 art_spondyloarthropathy-spondyloarthrosis-03
  • Avoid high impact exercises
  • Aquatherapy or hydrotherapy would be one of the best forms of exercise to avoid impact.
  • Weight management if required.

DOES YOUR DIET HAVE ANY IMPACT ON SPONDYLOARTHROPATHY?

Yes,there has been research regarding a diet specific to ankylosing spondylitis which has shown great results.You can get in touch with a nutritionist for the the same.

PROGNOSIS OF THIS CONDITION

The course of the condition is varied.The condition does not have a cure but the prognosis for most of the people is good if they manage their symptoms well.

Regular exercise and physiotherapy go a long way to reduce the pain and stiffness and improve the quality of life.

Tags: , ,

Category: Articles

Leave a Reply