Balance Training

March 1, 2013 | By | Reply

– Dr. Indrayani V. H.

balance disorder is a disturbance that causes an individual to feel unsteady, for example when standing or walking. It may be accompanied by feelings of giddiness or wooziness, or having a sensation of movement, spinning, or floating.  Balance problems affect a wide range of individuals ranging from young adults with flat feet, hyperactivity disorders, clumsy behaviour, vestibular disorders like vertigo, motion sickness or elderly people with arthritis or osteoporosis. Balance problems are the major cause of morbidity and mortality in people above 75 years of age. Before learning what causes impaired balance, let us first learn a few terms related to balance.

Base of support (BOS): Base of support is the area which is supported, for example the area between our feet is our base of support when we are standing.

Base of support (BOS)

Centre of gravity (COG): It is the point through which the earth’s attraction (gravity) acts, whatever be the position of the body. For human body the COG is at the vicinity of the 2nd sacral vertebrae (somewhere around your low back).

Centre of gravity (COG)

A rigid body will have perfect balance when its centre of gravity is within its base of support.

Balance is the result of several body systems working together: the visual system (eyes), vestibular system (ears) and proprioception (the body’s sense of where it is in space). Degeneration of loss of function in any of these systems can lead to balance deficits.


Lets see what are the reasons for balance impairments…

Reasons for Balance Impairment

How to do balance training?

Maintaining postures like…

1. Lunge Position
Lunge Position

2. Standing with a wide BOS
Standing with a wide BOS

3. Standing with a narrow BOS
Standing with a narrow BOS

4. Tandem Standing
Tandem Standing

5. Standing on an unstable surface
Standing on an unstable surface

6. Sitting on an unstable surface
Sitting on an unstable surface


Use of equipment like balance discs and foam pads:
Balance DiscsBalance Discs

At PhysioRehab we do balance training as a part of rehab for our patients having arthritis, replacements, sports injuries and geriatric care.

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